- How many people does Steffen estimate we will have living in or near cities by mid-century?
Steffen explains that there will 8 billion maybe more individuals living in cities or within day’s travel of one by mid-century.
- Explain how you agree or disagree with Steffen’s point that our energy use is “predestined” rather than “behavioral”.
I would have to agree but at the same time disagree. The reason why I agree is because of the buildings that are being constructed as well as vehicles and other things that affect our climate were created before anybody knew how these things would affect our climate and people were unaware of these affects. Now, Through thorough research we have found what has caused the climate change and how we are being affected by carbon emissions and the use energy. That’s why I agree with Steffen about it being predestined. I disagree because now that we know about the causes of our climate change many people continue to use products or other things that affect our environment, which at that point makes it behavioral.
- What correlation does Steffen make between a city’s density and its climate emissions?
The correlation Steffen makes between a city’s density and it’s climate emissions is that both have a direct relationship and that denser places tend to have lower emissions. He explains that the reason for that is because is a denser city everything is close by in which people will either walk or ride a bike to these near by places.
- What are the “eco districts” that Steffen mentions? How you see these as feasible or unfeasible in a city like Norfolk?
The eco districts Steffen talks about are built to make a city more dense and more sustainable. Constructing buildings in places we normally wouldn’t build them called Infill development and urban retrofitting in which we contrast and use things that are already there. I believe it is feasible in Norfolk because every year the city continues to grow and eventually will need to start looking into these concepts to better our environment. In Norfolk there are places that are vacant and can be used for infill development.
- Explain how you agree or disagree with the “threshold effect” that Steffen discusses related to transportation.
I agree to disagree because in high density city’s a lot of people will either walk, ride a bike or use public transportation, but I don’t think everybody will start giving up cars all together because of the fact that there are places that are far and they may want to drive or even travel.
- What does Steffen mean by the idea that, “…even space itself is turning into a service…”? Can you provide any examples that you see here in Norfolk or elsewhere?
What Steffen is explaining is that being able to use vacant spaces and using the access to the capacity of thing’s. Even people can share the same spaces, developing buildings that we use for mechanical things like heating and cooling and turning them into things we avoid spending energy on. Also, services such as using sunlight to heat a building a breeze to cool certain areas these are the types of services he explains. In Norfolk I’m sure we have vacant spaces and can utilize that space. Just being able to figuring out what services can be done in that space will need some thought.
- Describe your understanding of Steffen’s argument that, “…it’s not about the leaves above, but the systems below…”.
My understanding of Steffens argument is that he is explaining ways where we as people can become more green and utilizing the energy around us. By building green infrastructures so that when it rains we can take run off and clean the water reuse it as well as use it as energy. Even going as far using the ecosystem around us.
Finally, overall in what way(s) do you see Steffen’s ideas working / not working here in Norfolk? Spend time with this question!
I can definitely see the city of Norfolk using Steffens idea about infill development in where we have buildings as well as building green infrastructures to save energy and reuse water for energy especially with the problems in Norfolk and the runoff systems with the roads flooding all the time. I believe this will help Norfolk tremendously in using some of Steffens ideas in fixing the problems of flooding and energy use. I can definitely see the people that live in the city of Norfolk walking and riding their bikes to travel to places that are close by.